Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)
What Is Eczema?
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition where the skin becomes irritated and inflamed. While the exact cause of eczema is not yet known, it is believed to be closely linked to a defect in the skin barrier which results in loss of the skin’s moisture. Eczema is especially common amongst children however adults can develop the condition as well.
Individuals who are affected by eczema often times also experience:
- Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever)
- Food Allergies
**Children of parents with eczema or any of the conditions listed above are also more likely to develop eczema themselves.
At Allergy, Asthma & Sinus Associates our board certified physician and highly trained staff have years of experience in diagnosing both pediatric and adult eczema. Since eczema may be associated with several other conditions, each patient receives a comprehensive examination followed by any additional testing that would help devise a treatment plan. Certain conditions, such as food allergies, can exacerbate eczema so additional testing may include skin prick testing and/or allergen blood testing.
Since the root cause of eczema is excessive skin dryness, the treatment of eczema starts with liberal use of moisturizers. However since there are many conditions associated with eczema, it becomes imperative to evaluate for these conditions. In cases of severe persistent eczema, appropriately addressing associated conditions is imperative to achieve adequate eczema control.
*The itch associated with eczema is not caused by histamine. Unlike hives (urticaria), using anti-histamines for eczema will not control the symptoms.